An anonymous IP Address is sometimes referred to as a false IP Address or a fake IP Address. Essentially, an anonymous IP Address is an IP Address that is assigned to a computer that logs into a proxy or proxy server before that computer continues its journey around the Internet.
Every computer that connects to the Internet is assigned a unique IP Address. That unique address can be used by other Internet users to track your computer. To increase their security, Internet surfers will utilize the services of a proxy or proxy server. That process is fairly simple. The computer connects to the proxy or the proxy server before it enters the Internet. The proxy or proxy server then issues the computer a second IP Address while it hides the original IP Address. The second IP Address is presented when an IP Address is needed, and the original IP Address does not venture past the proxy or proxy server. In this way, the second IP Address becomes anonymous because it can not be traced back to the computer, but it can be traced back to the proxy or the proxy server. This prevents anyone from finding out the original IP Address and thus, keeps the internet user and their computer anonymous.